It was established in 1905 when the two ancient villages of Sicci San Biagio and San Pantaleo, its two patron saints, merged together. Dolianova is a little town with almost ten thousand inhabitants and a territory defined by the Romans as Pars Olea, placing the accent on the widespread olive-growing activity. The first documents regarding Dolia date back to 1089. Close to the residential area, you will find an environment that exemplifies evolved rurality, with orderly olive tree cultivations (some of which are centuries old) and vineyards. Unsurprisingly, there is a museum of oil-producing tradition, Sa Mola de Sa Notariu, in the town, located inside Villa Boyl (17th century). Dolianova is also famous for wine-growing and viticulture: Nuragus, Nasco and Moscato. Also worthy of note is its cheese-making activity: excellent sheep's and goat's milk cheeses come from its cheese factories.

The traditional Campidano dwellings make the town stand out. Among these, the Villa de Villa is worth visiting. It dates back to the first few years of the nineteenth century and is used for exhibitions and other events. The old town centre is located around the symbol of Dolianova: the former cathedral of San Pantaleo, a unique Sardinian Romanesque church, as well as one of the most precious in southern Sardinia, built between the beginning of the 12th century and 1289 (the year of its consecration).