In the 13th century, the town then known as Mara Arbarei rose up between two rivers, Riu Mannu and Riu Cani, which rendered its land fertile. Villamar is an agricultural hub with fewer than 3,000 inhabitants that lies on the sweet hills of the lower Marmilla area, bordering Trexenta. Its 'golden age' came in the Middle Ages, first under the Giudicato of Arborea, then the Crown of Aragon. It was the crossroads of the wheat routes between Mediterranean islands - in the 16th century, it was colonised by merchants of the Balearic Islands, who bequeathed the Majorcan quarter, a symbol of a Hispanic past to which is dedicated the exhibition Sulla via del Grano held in the former library. Villamare's multi-ethnic culture is characterised both by modern murals painted by Chilean exiles and in the local artistic expressions. Another important exhibition is that of handicrafts and sculptures at the end of August. The greatest archaeological remnants are contained within the town, with a Punic necropolis, of which chamber and pit tombs have been revealed, some with paintings on the walls, others with geometric motifs, accompanied by grave goods.